Leopold Mozart (1719-1787) was born on November 14, 1719 as the
first child of bookbinder Johann Georg Mozart and his wife Anna
Maria in their house on Frauentorstrasse 30. Leopold, who had
eight younger brothers and sisters, was eight years old when he
entered St. Salvator’s Grammar School, run by Jesuits. His
musical talent became evident at a very early stage. He sang in
the church choirs of St. Ulrich and Heilig Kreuz.
he frequently sang in the Jesuits’ theatrical performances
at his school, which took place in the venue now called the ‘Kleiner
Goldener Saal’ (Small Golden Hall). The city’s Comedy
Theatre offered Leopold the chance to listen to Italian operas
and watch performances of the master singer of that time. After
his father had died in 1737, Leopold did something unexpected
towards the end of the year. Instead of attending courses at the
Faculty of Theology in Augsburg as he did before, he enrolled
at the University of Salzburg.
However, he remained in contact
with his home town. Leopold was an acknowledged citizen of Augsburg
and twice made the city council confirm his rights as a citizen.
During his time as Royal Director of Music in Salzburg he still
had a close relationship with his brother Franz Alois and got
to know Johann Jakob Lotter (1727-1792) and Johann Andreas Stein
(1728-1792) from Augsburg, to whom he wrote several letters. He
also stayed in contact with the ‘Collegium Musicum’,
which played many of his compositions, and the Monastery of Heilig
In fact, from 1759-1775, Hieronymus Graf Colloredo, who
was to become Leopold's employer, was head of Augsburg’s
St. Moritz Church. However, Leopold Mozart returned to his home
town only as a guest.
When doing a concert tour with their children
Wolfgang Amadeus and Nannerl, Leopold and his wife stayed in Augsburg
from June 22 - July 6, 1763. The arrival of the Mozart family
was also a topic for the local press. In three concerts, Leopold
showed Augsburg how extremely talented his children were. During
the day he went to visit the City Hall, his birthplace, St. Salvator’s
Grammar School and the church of St. Ulrich together with his
family. At the same time the children were introduced to their
uncle Alois and his four-year-old daughter – their ‘Baesle'
(cousin). They also met Johann Jakob Lotter and Johann Andreas